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is situated on the right bank of the river Ghagra or
Saryu, as it is called within sacred precincts, on
latitude 26o 48’ north and longitude 82o 13’ east in north
India. Just 6 km from Faizabad, Ayodhya is a popular
pilgrim centre. This town is closely associated with Lord
Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
The ancient city of Ayodhya, according to the Ramayana,
was founded by Manu, the law-giver of the Hindu.
For centuries, it was the capital of the descendants of the
Surya dynasty of which Lord Rama was the most celebrated king.
Ayodhya during ancient times was known as Kaushaldesa.
Skand and some other Puranas rank Ayodhya
as one of the seven most sacred cities of India. It was the
venue of many an event in Hindu mythology, today pre-eminently
a temple town, Ayodhya is also famous for its close
association with the epic Ramayana. It is a city of immense
antiquity full of historical significance and sacred temples.
The Atharvaveda described Ayodhya as `a city
built by Gods and being prosperous as paradise itself’. The
illustrious ruling dynasty of this region were the Ikshvakus
of the solar clan (Suryavansa). According to tradition, Ikshvakus
was the eldest son of Vaivasvata Manu, who established
himself at Ayodhya. The earth is said to have derived
its name `Prithivi’ from Prithu, the 6th king
of the line. A few generations later came Mandhatri,
in whose line the 31st king was Harischandra, known
widely for his love of truth. Raja Sagar of
the same clan performed the Asvamedha Yajna and his
great grandson Bhagiratha is reputed to have brought
Ganga on earth by virtue of his penance. Later in the
time came the great Raghu, after whom the family came
to be called as Raghuvamsa. His grandson was Raja
Dasaratha, the illustrious father of Rama, with
whom the glory of the Kausala dynasty reached its highest
point. The story of this epic has been immortalized by Valmiki
and immensely popularized by the great masses through centuries.
Ayodhya is pre-eminently a city of temples yet, all
places of worship here, are not only of Hindu religion. At
Ayodhya several religions have grown and prospered
simultaneously and also at different periods of time in the
past. Remnants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism
and Islam can still be found in Ayodhya. According
to Jain tradition, five Tirthankaras were born at Ayodhya,
including Adinath (Rishabhadeva) the 1st Tirthankar.
meters above sea level.
Avadhi and English
Jhoola Mela (July-August),
Parikrama Mela (October-November),
Ram Navmi (March-April),
Saryu Snan (October-November)
Ram Vivah (November)
For Ayodhya the nearest airports are Amausi Airport (Lucknow-134
km), Bumrauli Airport (Allahabad - 166 km)
is situated on the broad gauge Northern Railway line on Muhal
Sarai Lucknow main route. Ayodhya/Faizabad are connected
to various parts of the country by the following trains:
Saket Express (Bombay/Faizabad)
3307/3308 Doon Express (Calcutta/Dehradun)
3151/3152 Jammu Tawi Express (Calcutta)
3283/3284 Ganga Yamuna Express (Bhiwani/Delhi-Varanasi/Danapur)
2449/2450 Saryu Yamuna Express (Delhi/Varanasi)
9165/9166 Sabarmati Express (Varanasi/Ahmedabad)
by road to several major cities and towns. Some of the major
road distances are: Lucknow (134 km), Gorakhpur (132 km),
Jhansi (441 km), Allahabad (166 km), Sravasti (109 km), Varanasi
(209 km) and Gonda (51 km).
Bhawan Dharamshala. Phone: 232024.
Birla Dharamshala, Bus Station. Phone: 232252.
Gujrat Bhawan Dharamshala, near Bus Station. Phone: 232074.
Jain Dharamshala. Rai Ganj.
Janaki Mahal Trust Dharamshala, Naya Ghat.
Pandit Banshidhar Dharamshala, Naya Ghat.
Ram Charit Manas Trust Dharamshala.
Quality accommodation is available at Faizabad town, just
7 km away
Shane Awadh, Civil Lines, Faizabad.
Tirupati Hotel, Civil Lines, Faizabad. Phone: 22233/222448.
Hotel Alka Raje, Rekabganj, Faizabad. Phone: 222027.
Abha Hotel, Moti Bagh, Faizabad. Phone: 222930.
Niwas Saket, near Railway Station, Ayodhya. Phone: 232435.
(Run by U.P. State Tourism Development Corporation)
Options are limited to local eateries/restaurants which offer
largely vegetarian food.
Bank of India, Shrinagar Hat. Phone: 232053.
Central Bank of India, Shringar Hat. Phone: 232084.
Post OfficeSub-Post Office, Shringar Hat. Phone: 232025.
7 km. Saadat Khan, the second
Nawab of Awadh, laid the foundation of Faizabad while his
successor Shuja-ud-daula made it the capital of Awadh. Faizabad
developed as a township nearly 220 years ago, during the reign
of Safdar Jang, the second nawab of Avadh (1739-54),who laid
its foundation by making it his military headquarters. Suja-ud-daula,
his successor settled at Faizabad after 1764 and built a fort
known as Chhota Calcutta, now in ruins. In 1765 he built the
Chowk and Tirpaulia and subsequently laid out the Anguribagh
and Motibagh to the south of it, Asafbagh and Bulandbagh to
the west of the city. During the reign of Shuja-ud-daula,
Faizabad attained such a prosperity which it never saw again.
The Nawabs graced Faziabad with several beautiful buildings,
notable among them being the Gulab Bari, Moti Mahal and the
tomb of Bahu Begum. Gulab Bari is a striking building of fine
properties, standing in a garden surrounded by a wall, approachable
through two large gateways. These buildings are particularly
interesting for their assimilative architectural styles. Shuja-ud-daula’s
wife was the well known Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab
in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence
being the Moti-Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara,
where she was buried after her death in 1816. It is considered
to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, which
was built at the cost of three lakh rupees by her chief advisor
Darab Ali Khan. A fine view of the city is obtainable from
top of the begum’s tomb. Bahu Begum was a woman of great distinction
and rank, bearing dignity. Most of the Muslim buildings of
Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of Bahu Begum’s
death in 1815 till the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad
gradually fell into decay. The glory of Faizabad finally eclipsed
with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab
44 km. Famous for the
siddhapith of Patan Devi, and a tank believed to have been
made by Raja Karn of the Mahabharata.
Situated in the centre
of the town, this temple is approachable by a flight of 76
steps. Legend has it that Hanuman lived here in a cave and
guarded the Janambhoomi or Ramkot. The main temple contains
the statue of Maa Anjani, with Bal Hanuman seated on her lap.
The faithful believe that all their wishes are granted with
a visit to this holy shrine.
A massive structure
in the shape of a four sided fort with circular bastions at
each corner houses a temple of Hanuman and is the most popular
shrine in Ayodhya.
has images of Sri Rama and Sita wearing gold crowns. It is
also known as Sone-ke-Ghar.
chief place of worship in Ayodhya is the site of the ancient
citadel of Ramkot which stands on an elevated ground in the
western part of the city. Although visited by pilgrims throughout
the year, this sacred place attracts devotees from all over
India and abroad, on `Ram Navami, the day of Lords
birth, which is celebrated with great pomp and show, in the
Hindu month of Chaitra (March-April).
to mythology, Lord Rama is said to have been cremated here.
Parbat and Sugriv Parbat
first of these ancient earth mounds is identified with a stupa
built by the Emperor Ashoka, while the second is believed
to be an ancient monastery.
temple stands at the place where Rama is said to have performed
the Ashvamedha Yajnya. About 300 years ago the Raja of kulu
built a new temple here, which was improved by Ahalyabai Hokar
of Indore during 1784, at the same time the adjoining Ghats
were also built. The initial idols in black sandstone were
recovered from Saryu and placed in the new temple, famous
temple of Nageshwarnath is said to have been established by
Kush the son of Rama. Legend has it that Kush lost his armlet,
while bathing in the Saryu, which was picked up by a Nag-Kanya,
who fell in love with him. As she was a devotee of Shiva,
Kush erected this temple for her. It is said that this has
been the only temple to have survived till the time of Vikramaditya,
the rest of city had fallen into ruins and was covered by
dense forests. It was by means of this temple that Vikramaditya
was able to locate Ayodhya and the sites of different shrines
here. The festival of Shivratri is celebrated here with great
pomp and splendour.
places of interest
Jain Temple, Brahma Kund, Amawan Temple, Tulsi Chaura, Laxman
Quila, Angad Tila, Shri Rama Janaki Birla Temple, Tulsi Smarak
Bhawan, Ram ki Paidi, Kaleramji ka Mandir, Datuvan Kund, Janki
Mahal, Gurudwara Brahma Kund, Ram Katha Museum, Valmiki Ramayan
Bhawan, are among other places of interest in Ayodhya.
Shri Ram Hospital, Phone: 22026.
Government Ayurvedic Dispensary.
Ayodhya Railway Station
Enquiries and Reservations. Phone: 232032.
Faizabad Railway Station;
Enquiries and Reservations. Phone: (0527) 232984.
UPSRTC Bus Stand. Ayodhya. Phone: 232067.
UPSRTC Bus Stand, Faizabad. Phone: (052781) 222664.