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Sarnath

About The City

     Buddhists worldwide look upon India as the land of the Buddha and a visit to this country means a pilgrimage to those places sacred to the memory of the Enlightened One.

     After the Buddha attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya he came to Sarnath. Here in the Deer Park, he delivered his first sermon, or in religious language, set in motion the Wheel of Law (Maha-Dharmachakra Pravartan.). On the day before his death Buddha included Sarnath along with Lumbini, Bodh Gaya and Kushinagar as the four places he thought to be sacred to his followers.

      The Emperor Ashoka, who spread Lord Buddha’s message of love and compassion throughout his vast empire, visited Sarnath around 234 BC, and erected a stupa here. Several Buddhist structures were raised at Sarnath between the 3rd century BC and the 11th century AD, and today it presents the most expansive ruins amongst places on the Buddhist trail. Sarnath is 10 km from the holy city of Varanasi, and is an exceedingly tranquil place. The ruins, the museum and temple are all within walking distance.

Area : 2.80 sq. km.

Altitude : 80.71 (1991 census)


Season : October-March

Clothing : Summer - Cottons; Winter - Woolens

Language : Hindi and English


Festivals : Buddha Purnima (Full Moon, April-May), Anniversary of First Sermon (Full Moon, July-August)


Local Transport : Buses/Cycle-Rickshaws/Taxis

STD Code : 0542

Accessibility

Air

      The nearest airport is Babatpur : 30 Km.

Rail

      Sarnath is directly connected by Varanasi - Gorakhpur Exp. 0549/0550 and Varanasi - Bhatni - Varanasi Exp. 0551/0552.

Road

      Sarnath, 10- km from Varanasi, is well connected by road to other destinations of the state.

Place Of Interest

Chaukhandi Stupa

     
Chaukhandi is the first monument one encounters as one enters Sarnath. It is a lofty mound of brick - work whose square edifice is surrounded by a Octagonal tower. Originally said to be built by Emperor Ashoka.

Dhamek Stupa

      The most remarkable structure at Sarnath, is the cylindrical Dhamek stupa, 28 mts. in diameter at the base and 43.6 mts. in height, built party of stone and partly of brick. The stone facing the lower part is adorned with delicate floral carvings of Gupta origin.

Mulagandha Kuti Vihar

      This modern temple has been erected by the Mahabodhi Society. It has excellent Frescoes made by Kosetsu Nosu, Japan’s foremost painter and is a rich repository of Buddhist literature. The ancient Mulagandha Kuti Temple is among the brick ruins of Sarnath.

Sarnath Museum

      Sarnath yielded a rich collection of Buddhist sculptures comprising numerous Buddha and Bodhisattva images. Considered amongst the finest specimens of Buddhist art, these have been housed at the museum, adjacent to the site. The museum is open from 10 AM to 5 PM, and closed on Fridays. Apart from the above the other objects of Interest at Sarnath are the Dharmrajika Stupa, magnificent Lion capital, India’s National Emblem at Sarnath Museum, the Saddharmachakra Vihar’s at excavated ruins.

Accommodation

Forest Rest House, Sarnath. Ph. (0542)2386635, 2386636

Mahabodhi Society Dharamshala, Sarnath.

Jain Dharamshala, Sarnath.

UP Tourism Accommodation

Tourist Bungalow, (UPSTDC), Sarnath.

Restaurant

Anand Restaurant, Sarnath.

Rangoli Garden, Sarnath. Ph : (0542)2385025

Open Restaurant, Ashapur, Sarnath.

Bank

State Bank of India, Ashapur, Sarnath. Ph : (0542)2385035

Canara Bank . Ph : (0542)2385038

Central Bank, Ashapur. Ph : (0542)2385309

Post & Telegraph

Post Office, Sarnath. Ph : (0542)2385013

Hospital

Govt. Hospital, Sarnath.

Dr. Baijnath Hospital, Sarnath. Ph : (0542)2385238

Tourist Info

UP Government Tourist Bureau, Sarnath.

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Sarnath
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Varanasi
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Budhist Monks


Painting Inside Mulagandha Kuti Vihar Temple


The Mulagandha Kuti Vihar


Japanese Temple


Tourist Of Dhamak Stupa


Monk Of Dhamak Stupa


Bauddha Mahotsava


Bauddha Mahotsava


Bauddha Mahotsava


Japanese Temple
Religious Places